I can…

  1. Identify and describe surface and subsurface events in the rock cycle.

Weathering, Erosion and the Rock Cycle (tutorial)

  1. Explain how rocks move through the rock cycle.

  2. Identify and describe how the three main types of rocks are formed.

Categories of Rock

  1. Give examples of the three types of rocks formed through the rock cycle.

  2. Describe human impact on Earth.

  3. Provide evidence of the effect of human impact on the Earth in relation to surface and subsurface events.

Impact of Humans

I can…

  1. Identify and describe the layers of Earth.

Journey to the Center of the Earth

  1. Describe that heat flows in convection currents within the layers of the earth.

  2. Describe how Earth’s crust is broken into sections (plates) that “float” on top of the convection currents.

  3. Explain how convection currents in the mantle, and density differences between layers of the Earth, cause tectonic plates to move.

Plate Tectonics

  1. Name the types of plate boundaries; describe the movement of the plates at each boundary, and the events that occur there.

Plate Tectonic Boundaries 

  1. Explain how heat flow and the movement of crustal plates causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions (fast changes) and creates mountains and ocean basins (slow changes).

Plate Tectonic Effects

Geologic Time

Ocean Vents and Underwater Volcanoes

Mantle Convection and Earth Features

I can…

  1. Describe how events like tilting, folding, faulting, and intrusions can disturb rock layers.

  2. Identify the methods scientists use to date rocks.

Radio Active Dating 

  1. Explain how and when scientists calculate the absolute age of rocks.

Hey Rock.  How Old Are You (tutorial)

  1. Explain how and when scientists use the law of superposition (relative age) to date rocks

  2. Describe how physical evidence from relative and absolute dating is used to support the idea that Earth has changed over time.

Fossils:  Evidence of Evolution

Whale Kiosk

I can…

  1. Explain that every organism inherits a set of instructions that determines its traits (each individual is unique).


  1. Identify the base pairs of DNA and describe how they match up.

  2. Explain the relationship between genes, DNA and chromosomes.


Basic Genetics

Autism Genes

Yes or No to GMO?

  1. Compare sexual reproduction requiring meiosis and asexual reproduction requiring mitosis.

The Story of Our Start

  1. Explain the idea of dominant and recessive alleles and how they influence the phenotype of an organism.

Genes don't blend

Some genes are dominant



  1. Explain the difference between and organism’s genotype and phenotype.

  2. Use a Punnett square to determine the probability of an offspring’s genotype and phenotype.

Flowers to Freckles

How Mendel's Pea Plants Helped Us Understand Genetics

  1. Use a pedigree chart to analyze how traits have been passed down through generations.

I can…

  1. Explain how environmental factors and variations in a species contribute to and adaptations over time.

  2. Identify diversity as genetic variation through adaptation.

  3. Explain the process of natural selection and how it relates to the theory of evolution.

Natural Selection

  1. Explain that a species inability to adapt to changing environments may lead to extinction of that species.

Do or Die:  Extinction for a Change

  1. Cite evidence in the fossil record that shows that living things have evolved over time.

End of Year Exam Study Guide